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Naval History

Today in U.S. Naval History: February 13

Arlington, Va. Radio Masts for the Navys wireless station (Harris & Ewing glass negative)

Today in U.S. Naval History - February 13 1854 - Admiral Perry anchors off Yokosuka, Japan to receive Emperor's reply to treaty proposal 1913 - Naval Radio Station, Arlington, Va. begins operations 1945 - First naval units enter Manila Bay since 1942 1968 - Operation Coronado XI begins in Mekong Delta For more information about naval history, visit the Naval History and Heritage Command website at history.navy.mil.


Today in U.S. Naval History: February 19

Painting from the U.S. Library of Congress of the frigate USS Constitution

Today in U.S. Naval History - February 19 1814 - USS Constitution captures British brig Catherine 1945 - Marines with naval gunfire support land on Iwo Jima; island secured March.16 For more information about naval history, visit the Naval History and Heritage Command website at history.navy.mil.


Today in U.S. Naval History: December 9

USS Swordfish (SS-193). U.S. Navy photo

Today in U.S. Naval History - December 9 1938 - Prototype shipboard radar, designed and built by the Naval Research Laboratory, is installed on USS New York (BB-34). 1941 - USS Swordfish (SS-193) makes initial U.S. submarine attack on Japanese ship. 1952 - Strike by aircraft from Task Force 77 destroys munitions factory and rail facilities near Rashin, North Korea For more information about naval history, visit the Naval History and Heritage Command website at history.navy.mil


Today in U.S. Naval History: January 9

Steamship Star of the West, with reinforcements for Major Anderson, approaching Fort Sumter (Image courtesy United States Library of Congress)

Today in U.S. Naval History - January 9 1861 - Union steamer Star of the West fired on in Charleston Harbor 1918 - Establishment of Naval Overseas Transportation Service to carry cargo during WWI 1945 - Carrier aircraft begin two-day attack on Japanese forces, Luzon, Philippines For more information about naval history, visit the Naval History and Heritage Command website at history.navy.mil.


Today in U.S. Naval History: January 31

Samuel L. Gravely, Jr. (U.S. NHHC Photograph.)

Today in U.S. Naval History - January 31 1944 - American amphibious landing on Kwajalein, Marshall Islands 1961 - Lieutenant Commander Samuel Lee Gravely, Jr. becomes first African-American to command a combat ship, USS Falgout 1981 - Era of Enlisted Naval Aviators ends when last pilot retired For more information about naval history, visit the Naval History and Heritage Command website at history.navy.mil


Today in U.S. Naval History: February 26

Captain Sue S. Dauser (Official U.S. Navy Photograph, now in the collections of the National Archives.)

Today in U.S. Naval History - February 26 1811 - Congress authorizes first naval hospital 1913 - Approval of experimental wind tunnel for Navy 1944 - Sue Sophia Dauser, Superintendent of the Navy's Nurse Corps is first woman in Navy to receive rank of Captain. For more information about naval history, visit the Naval History and Heritage Command website at history.navy.mil.


Today in U.S. Naval History: August 14

Today in U.S. Naval History - August 14 1813 - HMS Pelican captures USS Argus 1886 - SECNAV establishes Naval Gun Factory at Washington Navy Yard 1945 - Japan agrees to surrender; last Japanese ships sunk during World War II (August 15 in DC) For more information about naval history, visit the Naval History and Heritage Command website at history.navy.mil.


Today in U.S. Naval history: August 19

Today in U.S. Naval history - August 19 1812 - USS Constitution captures HMS Guerriere. 1812- Devastating hurricane struck the Navy's New Orleans station, delaying military preparations in the War of 1812 1818 - Captain James Biddle takes possession of Oregon Territory for U.S. 1967 - Operation Coronado IV begins in Mekong Delta 1981 - Two VF-41 aircraft from USS Nimitz shoot down two Libyan aircraft which fired on them over international waters


Today in U.S. Naval History: September 25

Today in U.S. Naval History - September 25 1941 - In first successful U.S. Navy escort of convoys during World War II, Navy escort turn over HX-150 to British escorts at the Mid-Ocean Meeting Point. All ships reach port safely. 1957 - In project Stratoscope, Office of Naval Research obtains sharp photographs of sun's corona from first balloon-borne telescope camera. For more information about naval history, visit the Naval History and Heritage Command website at history.navy.mil


Today in U.S. Naval History: September 26

USS Ranger (CV-4) launched at Newport News (Official U.S. Navy Photograph, now in the collections of the National Archives.)

Today in U.S. Naval History - September 26 1781 - French fleet defeats British at Yorktown, Va. 1910 - First recorded reference to provision for aviation in Navy Department organization 1918 - USCGC Tampa lost with 118 men, probably by German submarine 1931 - Keel laying at Newport News, Va. of USS Ranger (CV-4), first ship designed and constructed as an aircraft carrier 1963 - First steam-eject launch of Polaris missile at sea off Cape Canaveral, Fla


Today in U.S. Naval History: April 14

The damaged hull of USS Samuel B. Roberts (U.S. Navy photo)

Today in U.S. Naval History - April 14 1898 - Commissioning of first Post Civil War hospital ship, USS Solace 1969 - North Korean aircraft shoots down Navy EC-121 reconnaissance aircraft from VQ-1 over the Sea of Japan 1988 - USS Samuel B. Roberts struck Iranian mine off Qatar


Today in U.S. Naval History: April 15

USS Chester (Photo courtesy NavSource)

Today in U.S. Naval History: April 15 1885 - Naval forces land at Panama to protect American interests during revolution 1912 - USS Chester and USS Salem sailed from MA to assist RMS Titanic survivors 1918 - First Marine Aviation Force formed at Marine Flying Field, Miami, Fla.


Least Known Navy Activity? Underwater Shipwreck Archeology

Naval Archeologist: Photo USN

Robert S. Neyland, Ph.D., director of the Underwater Archeology Branch (UAB) of the Naval History and Heritage Command (NHHC) in Washington, D.C., manages the people who protect more than 17,000 ship and aircraft wrecks around the world.


Today in U.S. Naval History: April 16

Today in U.S. Naval History: April 16 1863 - Union gunboats pass Confederate batteries at Vicksburg 1924 - Navy commences relief operations in Mississippi Valley floods, lasting until June 16 1947 - Act of Congress gives Navy Nurse Corps members commissioned rank


Today in U.S. Naval History: March 28

USS Essex, Artist: Joseph Howard (Courtesy U.S. Naval Academy Museum Collection)

Today in U.S. Naval History - March 28 1800 - Essex becomes first U.S. Navy vessel to pass Cape of Good Hope 1814 - HMS Phoebe and Cherub capture USS Essex off Valparaiso, Chile. Before capture, Essex had captured 24 British prizes during the War of 1812.


Today in U.S. Naval History: March 31

USS Missouri (BB-63). (Official U.S. Navy Photograph, U.S. National Archives collection)

Today in U.S. Naval History - March 31 1854 - Commodore Matthew Perry negotiates Treaty of Kanagawa to open trade between U.S. and Japan 1971 - Poseidon (C-3) missile becomes operational when USS James Madison began her third patrol carrying 16 tactical Poseidon missiles.


Today in U.S. Naval History: April 1

USS Bush (DD 529), USS Colhoun (DD 801) and other vessels sank after Japanese kamikazes attacked them off the coast of Okinawa. Both the Bush and Colhoun shot down several Japanese planes during the attack. (U.S. Navy photo)

Today in U.S. Naval History - April 1 1893 - Navy General Order 409 of February 25, 1893 establishes the rate of Chief Petty Officer as of this date. 1917 - Boatswain's Mate 1/c John I. Eopolucci, a Naval Armed Guard on board the steamship Aztec


Today in U.S. Naval History: April 2

USS Glacier (© Richard Leonhardt)

Today in U.S. Naval History - April 2 1781 - Frigate Alliance captures two British privateers, Mars and Minerva 1827 - First Naval Hospital construction begun at Portsmouth, Va. 1947 - UN places former Japanese mandated islands under U.S. trusteeship


Today in U.S. Naval History: April 3

Admiral Chester W. Nimitz (Official U.S. Navy Photograph, National Archives)

Today in U.S. Naval History - April 3 1797 - Capt. Thomas Truxtun issued first known American signal book using numerary system 1942 - Adm. Nimitz named Commander-in-Chief, Pacific Ocean Areas, a joint command, and retained his other title, Commander-in-Chief, Pacific Fleet


Today in U.S. Naval History: April 4

Today in U.S. Naval History - April 4 1776 - Continental Navy frigate Columbus captures HM Tender Hawke, first American capture of British armed vessel 1854 - Sailors and Marines from sailing sloop, Plymouth, protect U.S. citizens at Shanghai


Today in U.S. Naval History: April 7

USS Ohio (SSBN-726). U.S. Navy photo

Today in U.S. Naval History: April 7 1776 - Continental brig Lexington captures British Edward 1917 - Navy takes control of all wireless radio stations in the U.S. 1942 - Navy accepts African Americans for general service 1945 - Carrier aircraft defeat last Japanese Navy sortie (Battle


Today in U.S. Naval History: April 8

Aeromarine 39-B airplane Approaching the flight deck of USS Langley (CV-1) during landing practice (Courtesy of the U.S. Naval Institute Photographic Collection. U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph.)

Today in U.S. Naval History - April 8 1925 - First planned night landings on a carrier, USS Langley, by VF-1 1950 - Unarmed Navy patrol aircraft shot down over Baltic Sea by USSR 1951 - First of four detonations, Operation Greenhouse nuclear test


Today in U.S. Naval History: April 9

USS North Carolina (Courtesy of the Naval Historical Foundation, Maher Collection. U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph.)

Today in U.S. Naval History - April 9 1861 - Second relief convoy for Fort Sumter left New York 1941 - Commissioning of USS North Carolina, which carried nine 16-inch guns 1943 - Reestablishment of Commodore rank 1959 - Selection of first 7 Mercury astronauts


Today in U.S. Naval History: April 10

USS Thresher (Naval Historical Center photo)

Today in U.S. Naval History - April 10 1941 - USS Niblack, while rescuing survivors of torpedoed ship, depth charged German submarine; first action of WW II between U.S. and German navies 1963 - During diving tests, USS Thresher lost with all hands (112 crew and 17 civilians) east of Cape Cod


Today in U.S. Naval History: April 11

USS Holland (Photo: U.S. National Archives and Records Administration)

Today in U.S. Naval History - April 11 1783 - Congress declares end of war with Great Britain 1900 - Navy accepted its first submarine, USS Holland 1970 - Launch of Apollo 13, commanded by Capt. James A. Lovell, Jr., USN. Former naval aviator Fred W. Haise, Jr. was the Lunar Module Pilot


 
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